Tuesday, October 26, 2010

Incontinence in Diabetic Adults

Dysfunctions of urination have long been known as a problem associated with diabetes, although the literature on the subject is limited. The neurogenic bladder is more commonly discussed in the literature as an issue related to such chronic conditions and diseases as spinal cord lesions, muscular dystrophy, and multiple sclerosis.

Also called cystopathy, the neurogenic bladder is considered a form of autonomic neuropathy. It begins with selective damage to autonomic afferent nerves, leaving motor function intact but impairing the sensation of bladder fullness and, therefore, resulting in decreased urinary frequency. As this neuropathy progresses, autonomic efferent nerves become involved, leading to incomplete bladder emptying, urinary dribbling, and overflow incontinence. This article will focus on the diagnosis and management of incontinence protection and diabetic products.

For people who have been diagnosed with diabetes for more than 8 years, add a urologist or urogynecologist to your medical team. Bladder dysfunction resulting from nerve damage (autonomic neuropathy) effects 40% to 80% of the diabetic population. You may not even know your bladder is not operating properly.

Get to Know Your Urinary System. The better you understand it the easier it will be for you to protect your urinary system. If you do not control your glucose levels with blood glucose tablets, the sugar may damage your urinary system which includes:

The 2 kidneys - cleans the blood, controls the pH (acidity/alkalinity), controls the amount of sodium, potassium and calcium in the blood (electrolytes)

• The 2 ureters - tubes that carry urine down to the bladder.

• The bladder - a muscular container that stores and pumps out urine.

• The urethra - a tube that allows urine to leave the body.

The chance of damaging the urinary system increases with the of years of poorly controlled blood sugar. The kidneys are damaged when:

1. glucose attacks the blood vessels that feed the kidneys thereby reducing the blood flow to the kidneys.

2. the overly filled bladder is not emptied often enough resulting in bacterial growth in bladder. Then the bacteria moves up through the ureters from the bladder to the kidneys.

The enlarged bladder can be asymptomatic (AY-simp-toe-mat-ick). That is - as you lose the ability to sense a full bladder, the bladder is emptied less often. As you know, many diabetics drink a lot of liquids to ease their great thirst. The liquids and blood pass through the kidneys for filtration then deposit into the bladder as urine. The bladder stretches to hold more urine.

When the bladder fills but doesn't expand, you will begin to accidentally leak urine in your clothes due to: Stress incontinence -- your bladder leaks urine when you sneeze, cough, or strain. Urge incontinence is frequently feeling you need to urinate - but only a small amount of urine is released each time. At this stage female and adult incontinence product or adult incontinence diapers its will have to be worn at all times.

The worse case is when your bladder becomes paralyzed. Either the nerve damage is so severe the brain's message to contract does not reach the bladder or the muscle of the bladder can no longer contract. At this stage, the bladder will have to be drained by a catheter (a device that enters the bladder through the urethra).

Aggressively control your blood glucose and speak with your doctor about urinary tract issues.

Author Resource:- TypeFreeDiabetes.com is the premier source for your diabetic needs on-line. At TypeFreeDiabetes.com, you can enjoy a balanced diabetic lifestyle by learning about - how to control blood sugar, lower body fat, diet to prevent diabetes, reduce diabetes medications and reverse diabetes complications.

Click For: Incontinence Products For Women and Incontinence Bed Pads

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